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失乐园英语ppt

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  • 更新时间:2019-10-22
  • 素材类别:英语课件PPT
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  • 关键提要:失乐园英语,失乐园
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Paradise Lost 失乐园简介失乐园,全书共分为12部一至四部叙述了撒旦叛军大败,坠入地狱,建万魔宫。为复仇,撒旦潜回地球。五至八部用倒叙手法介绍了撒旦叛军与上帝之间的天界大战,以及上帝造人的过程。第九部是全书高潮,亚当与夏娃在撒旦的诱惑下偷食禁果。10至12部亚当与夏娃被逐出乐园,人类历史由此展开。背景弥尔顿写失乐园的时候,轰轰烈烈的英国大革命已告失败,与失去乐园的亚当、夏娃相似,人民生活在痛苦之中。弥尔顿创造这部史诗,就是为了“向世人昭示天理的公道”,借古喻今,告诉英国人民要学会坚持和忍耐,等待着被赎救的那天的到来。史诗中,人类始祖亚当与夏娃的形象高大秀美。虽然他们因为自身的弱点而失去乐园,但他们默默承受苦难时所表现的勇气和坚韧,充分展示了人性的力量,更让人看到恢复乐园的曙光。失乐园采用无韵体,诗行通常是五步抑扬格。句子结构错杂繁复,短语层层叠加,从句互相嵌套,往往十几行才组成一个完整的句子,是典型的“弥尔顿式的语言”。全诗节奏紧凑,语言瑰丽,气势雄浑。人失去曾经拥有的乐园是由于违背了天神命令。然后叙述他失足的主要原因在于撒旦所寄附的蛇。撒旦曾纠集了许多天使军在他手下反叛天神结果全被天神下令逐出天界落入无垠的深渊。本诗简略地交代这事之后便直叙事件的中心描述撒旦和他所率领的天军落入地狱之中。这儿所描写的地狱不在地的“中心” 而在天外的冥荒最恰当的莫过于称它为混沌。撒旦和他的天军在这儿被雷电轰击而惊倒在炎炎的火湖里过了一段时间之后他从眩晕中清醒过来并叫起倒在他身边的一个品位仅次于他的天使共同商量这次惨败的事。撒旦唤醒了一个个处于同样的眩晕中的天军于是他们起身清点人数整理阵容宣布将领名单。撒旦以演说安慰他们鼓舞他们, 告诉他们根据一个古老的预言或天上的传闻有一个新的世界和一种新的生物将被创造出来根据古代教父们的看法天使军在这个世界未创造出来之前就存在了。于是他们决定召开全体会议探讨这个预言并商量对策。因此他的党徒们都跃跃欲试倾刻之间就在地狱中筑起巍峨的撒旦的万魔殿,巨头们就坐在那里召开会议。  OF Mans First Disobedience, and the Fruit Of that Forbidden Tree, whose mortal taste Brought Death into the World, and all our woe, With loss of Eden, till one greater Man Restore us, and regain the blissful Seat, [ 5 ] Sing Heavenly Muse,that on the secret top Of Oreb, or of Sinai, didst inspire That Shepherd, who first taught the chosen Seed, In the Beginning how the Heavens and Earth Rose out of Chaos: Or if Sion Hill [ 10 ] 人类最初违反天神命令而偷尝禁果把死亡和其他各种各样的灾难带到人间于是失去了伊甸乐园直到出现了一个更伟大的人才为我们恢复了这乐土。天庭的诗神缪斯呀您当年曾点化过那个牧羊人您在那神秘的何烈山头或西奈的峰巅最初向您的选民宣讲太初天和地怎样从混沌中生出那郇山似乎更加蒙受您的喜悦 Delight thee more, and Siloa's Brook that flowed Fast by the Oracle of God; I thence Invoke thy aid to my adventrous Song, That with no middle flight intends to soar Above th' Aonian Mount, while it pursues [ 15 ] Things unattempted yet in Prose or rhyme. And chiefly Thou, O Spirit, that dost prefer Before all Temples th' upright heart and pure, Instruct me, for Thou know'st; Thou from the first Wast present, and with mighty wings outspread ,[ 20 ] 在神殿近旁弄流的是西罗亚溪水因此我向那儿祈求你给我力量完成这篇大胆冒险的诗歌追踪一段事迹—— 从未有人尝试缀锦成文吟咏成诗的题材遐想凌云飞越爱奥尼的高峰。圣灵呀特别请您您喜爱廉洁和公正的心胸胜过所有的神殿。您无所不知因此请您教导我 Dovelike satst brooding on the vast Abyss, And mad'st it pregnant: What in me is dark Illumin, what is low raise and support; That to the highth of this great Argument I may assert Eternal Providence, [ 25 ] And justifie the wayes of God to men. Say first, for Heav'n hides nothing from thy view Nor the deep Tract of Hell, say first what cause Mov'd our Grand Parents in that happy State, Favour'd of Heav'n so highly, to fall off [ 30 ] 您从太初便存在张开巨大的翅膀象鸽子一样孵伏那洪荒使它怀孕愿您的光明照耀我心中的蒙昧提举而且撑持我的卑微使我能够适应这个伟大主题的崇高境界使我能够阐明永恒的天理向世人昭示天道的公正。天界和地狱深渊请先说因为在您的眼中一切都了如指掌为什么我们的始祖 From thir Creator, and transgress his Will For one restraint, Lords of the World besides? Who first seduc'd them to that foul revolt? Th' infernal Serpent; he it was, whose guile Stird up with Envy and Revenge, deceiv'd [ 35 ] The Mother of Mankind, what time his Pride Had cast him out from Heav'n, with all his Host Of Rebel Angels, by whose aid aspiring To set himself in Glory above his Peers, He trusted to have equal'd the most High, [ 40 ] 在那样的乐土那样得天独厚除了那惟一的禁令以外他们俩本是世界的主宰请先讲他们竟背叛而自绝于他们的创造主究竟何人引诱他们犯下这不幸的滔天大罪呢原来是地狱的蛇是嫉妒和仇恨激起他的奸智使他欺骗了人类的母亲。是他的高傲致使他和他的全部天军被逐出天界造反天军的援助使他觉得自己无比荣耀 If he oppos'd; and with ambitious aim Against the Throne and Monarchy of God Rais‘d impious War in Heav’n and Battel proud , With vain attempt. Him the Almighty Power Hurld headlong flaming from th‘ Ethereal sky With hideous ruine and combustion down To bottomless perdition, there to dwell In Adamantine Chains and penal Fire, Who durst defy th' Omnipotent to Arms. Nine times the Space that measures Day and Night [ 50 ] 41. 他相信:如果他反叛,就能和上帝分庭抗礼; 42.由此野心勃勃,觊觎神的宝座和主权, 43.枉费心机地在天界掀起了忓逆的战争。 44.全能的神栽葱般, 45.把浑身火焰的他从净火天上摔下去, 46.这个敢于向全能全力者挑战的神魔迅速坠下, 47一直落到深不可测的地狱, 48.被禁锢在金刚不坏的镣铐和永远燃烧的刑火中。 49.大约九天九夜,那是根据人间的计算, 50.他和他那一伙可怕的徒众 To mortal men, he with his horrid crew Lay vanquisht, rowling in the fiery Gulfe Confounded though immortal. But his doom Reserv'd him to more wrath; for now the thought Both of lost happiness and lasting pain Torments him; round he throws his baleful Eyes, That witnessed huge affliction and dismay Mixt with obdurate pride and steadfast hate. At once ,as far as angels ken, he views The dismal Situation waste and wilde, [ 60 ] 虽属不死之身却与死者无异沉沦辗转在烈火的深渊中这个刑罚却反激起他更深的愤怒既失去了幸福又饱受无尽痛苦的折磨。当他抬起忧虑的双眼环顾四周伴随他的是莫大的隐忧和烦恼交织着顽固的傲气和难消的仇恨。霎时间他竭尽天使的目力望断天涯但见悲风弥漫缥纱无垠可怕的地牢从四面八方围着他 A Dungeon horrible, on all sides round As one great Furnace flam'd, yet from those flames No light, but rather darkness visible Served only to discover sights of woe, Regions of sorrow, doleful shades, where peace [ 65 ] And rest can never dwell, hope never comes That comes to all, but torture without end Still urges, and a fiery Deluge, fed With ever-burning Sulphur unconsumed: Such place Eternal Justice had prepared[ 70 ] 像一个洪炉的烈火四射但那火焰只是朦朦胧胧的一片并不发光但能辨认出那儿的苦难情景悲惨的境地和凄怆的暗影。和平和安息从不在此驻扎希望无所不到这里却是个例外。只有无穷无尽的苦难步步相跟永燃的硫磺不断地添注不灭的火焰有如洪水向他们滚滚逼来。正义之神为那些叛逆者准备的正是这个地方。 For those rebellious, here th俄ir Prison ordained In utter darkness, and their portion set As far remov'd from God and light of Heaven As from the Center thrice to th' utmost Pole. O how unlike the place from whence they fell 这个在天外的冥荒中为他们设置的牢狱。那个地方远离天神和天界的亮光相当于天极到中心的三倍那么远。啊这里和他所从坠落的地方简直有天壤之别呀 The characters Only six major characters Satan, the leader of the fallen angels(now known as devils) Beelzebub, Satan’s closest friend The son, also known as the Messiah, Christ Adam, the first man, living in paradise Eve, his wife, supposed to be under his control

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